The Carbon Cash-Back Solution

The IMF, World Bank, IPCC, OECD, World Economic Forum, and nearly all US economists say carbon pricing is the most powerful tool to reduce climate pollution. We can resolve the potential drawbacks and use it to its full potential by giving the money collected to all households on an equal basis each month and using border adjustments to protect US businesses.

When pollution is free we get too much of it. Carbon cash-back rapidly reduces climate pollution, protects families and businesses, and helps the poor. It is efficient, fair, has bipartisan support, and has a global reach. It will incentivize the energy efficiency, innovation, transition, and drawdown we need. Additional policies are also necessary, but border-adjusted cash-back carbon pricing is our best first step to addressing climate change.

  • Explicit carbon prices remain a necessary condition of ambitious climate policies” - IPCC SR15 chapter 4.4.5.2

  • "Carbon pricing is most effective if revenues are redistributed or used impartially. A carbon levy... returned to taxpayers corresponding to widely accepted notions of fairness increases the political acceptability of carbon pricing." - IPCC AR6 WG3 Box 5.11

  • We cannot solve the climate crisis without effective carbon pricing.” - US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen

Over 3,500 US economists agree the cheapest and fairest way to reduce climate pollution is:

1) Charge a steadily increasing carbon fee on fossil fuels at the source (mine, wellhead, and port of entry),

2) Rebate the money collected to all households on an equal basis each month, and

3) Add our carbon price to imports and rebate our exporters in trade with countries that allow free pollution.

One of those leading US economists, Professor Charles Wheelan of Dartmouth College, explains the power and benefits of the Carbon Fee and Dividend policy.

A two-minute video about how cash-back carbon pricing works.

Carbon Pricing Explained with Chickens

This video explains why carbon pricing is an efficient and comprehensive way to reduce climate pollution. But it ends with a good question: "Who's willing to stomach the cost?"

Not us! We can protect household budgets when we fix the failure of the market to account for the costs of using fossil fuels with the carbon cash-back approach.

The Carbon Cash-Back solution is our best first step to reduce the main cause of climate change.

Here's why:

Putting a price on carbon emissions from fossil fuels is the most cost-effective, comprehensive way to reduce climate pollution. We can do this by charging fossil fuel producers a steadily increasing fee based on the carbon in the products they sell (coal, oil, and natural gas). This sends a price signal throughout the economy to motivate reducing emissions.

The fairest thing to do with the money collected is to give all of it to all households on an equal basis (1 share per adult, ½ share per child) to compensate everyone for the harm being done to them by the pollution. This cash-back dividend also protects household budgets from the temporarily higher energy prices, and that lets us put a high-enough price on carbon to do what we need it to do.

This cash-back solution is also known as Carbon Fee and Dividend.

Most families will receive more money in their monthly cash-back dividend than the total additional amount they pay in trickle-down higher prices. Low-income households will come out the farthest ahead.

See how your family does with the Carbon Dividend Calculator.

Border carbon adjustments will protect US jobs and businesses from free polluting countries, and strongly encourage other countries to match our carbon price. That will drive global emissions down as we need for our own safety.

Independent studies have found many additional co-benefits from this solution.

Who says put a cash-back price on carbon?

Nearly everyone who's looked into it.

We get the best solutions when both parties work together to address our biggest challenges.

State and Federal Bills

New Hampshire House Bill HB 394 would commission a study on the impacts of federal carbon pricing on the citizens, towns, businesses, and state. Getting local stakeholders together to identify risks and opportunities will help New Hampshire make the most of a clean energy future.

The Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Act (EICDA) is effective at reducing US and global emissions, good for families, good for jobs, and protects US businesses.

EICDA Info sheet

Who Has Already Put a Price on Carbon?

Forty-six countries are already pricing carbon, including Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, and China. The rest of the world is not waiting for us.

A few countries will soon claim the lead in producing the clean energy solutions that will be used in the global transition to a clean energy economy in the next few decades. Those with meaningful carbon prices are the most likely to become the global energy solution providers of the 21st century.

See the World Bank's 2020 State and Trends of Carbon Pricing report for the rate of adoption and carbon pricing details

  • Figure 2.2  - Share of global emissions covered by carbon pricing initiatives (ETS and carbon tax)

  • Figure 2.4  - Carbon price and emissions coverage of implemented carbon pricing initiatives

Canada is using Carbon Fee and Dividend now as the country's back-stop measure, and will reach a carbon price of $130/tCO2 by 2030 [watch 22:57 - 25:52]:

Prime Minister Trudeau: "[Canada’s carbon price is] going to rise to $170 a ton by 2030... And the way we did it is we're actually returning more money to the average family than it costs them on average for the carbon price." - Canadian PM Trudeau - https://www.youtube.com/embed/3fF4XK2X3KA?&start=1378&end=1552&autoplay=1



In the last minute of this video, the Director General of the WTO discusses the need for a global carbon price floor - with a higher carbon price in wealthier countries and a lower carbon price in developing countries. - https://twitter.com/questCNN/status/1456368933766844422?t=yT5kungrprBoD3FYrZoArw&s=19

IMF Proposal for an International Carbon Price Floor Among Large Emitters: https://www.imf.org/en/Publications/staff-climate-notes/Issues/2021/06/15/Proposal-for-an-International-Carbon-Price-Floor-Among-Large-Emitters-460468

And the UK Prime Minister's Finance Advisor says every country should have a carbon price: https://www.bbc.com/news/av/business-59147390

We know the right carbon price: $100/tCO2 by 2030

A recent study in Nature supports prices in the range recommended by the groups listed at the top of this page. From the study:

"For a 2050 net-zero CO2 emission target, prices are US$34 to US$64 per metric ton in 2025 and US$77 to US$124 in 2030. These results are most influenced by assumptions about complementary policies and oil prices."

These high prices are achievable when we rebate all the money collected back to households on an equal basis each month to protect family budgets and the economy. Complimentary policies will make it possible to hold warming to 1.5˚C.

IPCC recommendation: $135/tCO2 (minimum) by 2030 (SR15 2.5.2.1 Price of Carbon Emissions).

OECD recommendation: $147/tCO2 by 2030 (Pg 4: Box 1, Carbon Pricing Benchmarks, #3)

Groups across the US are calling for carbon pricing

    • NAS issued a policy manual to guide the nation's energy strategy for the first 10 years of a transition to net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. The report says the prime driver of decarbonization could be an annually escalating federal carbon fee.

    • Calls for a price “sufficient enough to reduce carbon emissions in line with ambitions detailed in the Paris Agreement on climate change.”

    • "Inaction is not an option." The Chamber acknowledges the cost of inaction, and supports legislation of "a market-based approach to accelerate GHG emissions reductions across the U.S. economy" that is "practical, flexible, predictable, and durable".

    • "Business Roundtable urges policymakers on both sides of the aisle to depoliticize energy policy and work with the business community to take swift action on the following suite of policies:"..."Establish a price on carbon that provides a clear long-term signal and incentivizes the development and deployment of technologies to lower emissions, and lead on international efforts to align potential cross-border carbon measures."

    • “Climate change poses a major risk to the stability of the US financial system and its ability to sustain the US economy.” The CFTC states that "Policies essential to decisively address climate change... include, first and foremost, effective mechanisms to price carbon appropriately."

    • We will achieve regional cost savings of $100 million - $300 million in ten years by achieving emission reduction targets with a carbon price rather than through regulatory methods.

    • "Carbon pricing would work to more quickly change the overall economics of all resources in the market, making renewable and low-carbon resources more cost competitive than high-carbon-emitting resources."

    • This group suggests market-based mechanisms such as carbon pricing could be a powerful, efficient, and cost-effective tool to drive down emissions and achieve state goals while preserving the economic benefits of competitive wholesale electricity markets."

    • Calls for market-based policies that "facilitate meaningful GHG emissions reductions and conservation from all sectors of the economy", "drive innovation", and "maintain the competitive positioning of U.S. businesses in global markets".

    • Hundreds have endorsed the Energy Innovation and Carbon Dividend Act.

  • US Business Leaders of EBay, Exelon, Gap, Levi's, Nike, Microsoft, PepsiCo, Tesla...

    • CEOs and other representatives of more than 75 U.S. businesses and trade associations, with combined market valuations of nearly $2.5 trillion, call for a national price on carbon.

    • Over 150,000 US citizens and tens of thousands more in 60 other countries advocating for national carbon fee and dividend legislation. Success in Canada, US bipartisan bicameral bill introduced, EU & UK looking closely.

    • Statements of support from dozens of national organizations.

Support in Congress

There is growing bipartisan support in Congress for Carbon Cash-Back legislation. They just need to hear from more of us. We can make this happen.




We have no time to waste for our climate - or for our economic future

New Hampshire will never be a fossil fuel producer, but we can become a clean energy supplier to the world and more competitive overall... if we get started right now!

See the En-ROADS climate policy modeling tool from MIT and Climate Interactive to compare the relative effectiveness of different climate policy options and to identify complementary and redundant policies. Carbon pricing is our most powerful emissions reduction tool, and together with complementary policies, it will enable us to hold global warming below 1.5˚C this century if we get started immediately.

The New Hampshire Resolution to Take Action on Climate Pollution warrant article petition is available on the Files page.